United States and Taliban Peace Deal

United States and Taliban Peace Deal

The United States and the Taliban signed an historic peace deal to end 18 years of conflict in Afghanistan.
US and Taliban sign peace deal
United States and Taliban sign a peace deal 

Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar (Taliban Leader) signed an agreement with Zalmay Khalilzad (US envoy for peace in Afghanistan) at a signing agreement ceremony between Afghanistan’s Taliban and the United States in Doha, Qatar.

US troops will return home in 14 months

If the Taliban meets their commitments, the US troops in Afghanistan will return home in 14 months.

It was today, the 29th February 2020, the United States signed the historical deal with Taliban. The deal could pave the way towards withdrawal of US soldiers from Afghanistan in next 14 months ending 18-year war.

The United States & Taliban Deal was signed in Doha

The agreement was signed in Doha, Qatar by the United States special envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban political chief Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar. The United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo witnessed the ceremony.

The United States Defence Secretary Mark Esper travelled to Kabul to reassure the Afghan government about the United States commitment to the country.

The US Embassy in Kabul tweeted “today is a monumental day for Afghanistan. It is about making peace and crafting a common brighter future. We stand with Afghanistan.”

Taliban Fighters refrained from attacking

Hours before signing the agreement, the Taliban ordered its fighters in Afghanistan to refrain from any kind of attack.

The Taliban spokesperson Zabiullah Mujahid said “the biggest thing is that we hope the United States remain committed to their promises during the negotiations and peace deal.”

The peace deal seems to give some hope for millions of Afghans to end years of bloodshed.

The senior members of the Afghan government and the neighbouring countries are concerned that United States could abandon Kabul like it left the region after the Soviet Union exited Afghanistan decades ago.

Afghanistan Parallel Government

There is also an unpleasant political situation in Afghanistan. According the Independent Election Commission, Ghani won the September 28th vote beset by allegations of rigging, technical problems and other irregularities. Afghanistan Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah rejected the results and vowed to start a parallel government.

The deputy director Asia Program Michael Kugelman said about Esper’s trip to Kabul that Washington is essentially trying to show that its full strength is behind this deal and it wants to also indicate to Kabul that its fully behind Afghanistan as the peace and reconciliation process moves towards a formal beginning.

The war that killed millions of people began when United States launched attacks on Afghanistan after 11th September 2001 attack on New York and Washington by Afghanistan based Al Qaeda militant group.

The United States accused Taliban of harbouring Al Qaeda and its leader Osama Bin Laden, and with its allies ousted the group from power. However, the Taliban remained a potent force and still controls 40% of Afghan territory.

The US President Donal Trump said the agreement will pave way for US troop numbers to drop to 8600 from about 13000 within few weeks after the deal.

Under the deal, the Taliban wants its 5000 fighters to be released from Afghanistan jails. However, it is doubtful if afghan government will agree.

Taliban recruited more fighters

Meanwhile the Taliban has recruited more than 6000 fighters and suicide bombers just in case the agreement collapses.